pISSN 2233-5978
eISSN 2713-6191

Table. 1.

Demographic characteristics of patients

Variables Aspiration on VFSS Non-aspiration on VFSS P-value

12 (33.3) 24 (66.7)
Sex, No. (%) 0.47
Male 8 (66.7) 13 (54.2)
Female 4 (33.3) 11 (45.8)
Age, mean±SD, y 56.75±19.94 62.54±16.07 0.39
Period from onset, mean±SD, day 110.58±111.52 86.63±92.59 0.50
Lesions, No. (%) 0.12
Supratentorial 5 (41.7) 18 (75.0)
Infratentorial 6 (50.0) 5 (20.8)
Supra- and infratentorial 1 (8.3) 1 (4.2)
Paralyzed side, No. (%) 0.41
Rt. hemiplegia 1 (8.3) 7 (29.2)
Lt. hemiplegia 4 (33.3) 5 (20.8)
Quadriplegia 7 (58.3) 12 (50.0)
Tracheostomy, No. (%) 0.38
Tracheostomised 3 (25.0) 3 (12.5)
Not tracheostomised 9 (75.0) 21 (87.5)
K-MMSE, mean±SD 23.67±8.62 20.54±7.16 0.28
FIM, mean±SD 69.00±35.66 59.13±24.22 0.33
VC, mean±SD 50.43±27.85 61.13±21.21
PCF, mean±SD 230.83±148.41 209.17±98.82
VDS total score, mean±SD 30.25±18.11 12.60±10.36
Diet level, No. (%)
Tube feeding 5 (41.7) 2 (8.3)
Dysphagia diet 5 (41.7) 7 (29.2)
General diet 2 (16.6) 15 (62.5)

FIM: functional independence measure, K-MMSE: Korean Mini-Mental Status Examination, VFSS: video-fluoroscopic swallowing study, PCF: peak cough flow, VC: vital capacity, VDS: videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale

VDS total score evaluated with liquid

J Korean Dysphagia Soc 2021;11:25~34 https://doi.org/10.34160/jkds.2021.11.1.004
© J. Korean Dysphagia Soc.