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Table. 5.

Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses for incidence of aspiration pneumonia of patients who underwent routine dysphagia screening

Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis


OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value
Sex (Male) 0.89 0.51-1.54 0.67
Mental status
Alert Reference - - - - -
Not alert 6.33 2.68-14.92 <0.000* 1.45 0.54-3.95 0.46
Stroke severity (NIHSS) 1.16 1.12-1.20 <0.000* 0.97 0.88-1.08 0.61
mRS at admission
0-2 Reference - - - - -
3-5 8.41 3.80-18.70 <0.000* 1.25 0.30-5.27 0.76
Dysarthria
None or mild Reference - - - - -
Severe 8.79 2.86-27.3 <0.000* 4.48 1.25-16.04 0.021*
Undeterminable 12.90 6.30-36.5 <0.000* 1.50 1.49-26.70 0.012*
Results of dysphagia screen
Pass Reference - - - - -
Fail 13.85 5.74-33.45 0.000* 5.53 1.87-16.4 0.002*

*P<0.05, statistically significant

NIHSS: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, mRS: modified Rankin Scale, OR: odds ratio, CI: confidence interval

J Korean Dysphagia Soc 2021;11:43~51 https://doi.org/10.34160/jkds.2021.11.1.006
© J. Korean Dysphagia Soc.