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Table. 1.

Demographic characteristics of subjects with pneumonia

Non-aspiration (n=327) Aspiration (n=51) P-value
Age (years) 72.63±12.11 74.76±10.84 0.235
Sex 0.001
Female 168 (51.38) 39 (76.47)
Male 159 (48.62) 12 (23.53)
Disease 0.440
Cerebral infarction 233 (71.25) 39 (76.47)
Cerebral hemorrhage 94 (28.75) 12 (23.53)
NIHSS (n=127) 7.75±6.19 10.00±5.42 0.158
MMSE (n=101) 14.07±9.63 16.13±9.07 0.442
VFSS score total 32.95±12.69 38.55±12.00 0.003
PAS score 5.03±2.49 6.75±2.00 <0.001

Continuous variables are presented as mean±standard deviation (SD), and categorical variables are presented as number and percent. Independent samples t-test or χ 2 -test as appropriate. Bold number means P<0.05 and significant difference

J Korean Dysphagia Soc 2021;11:52~58 https://doi.org/10.34160/jkds.2021.11.1.007
© J. Korean Dysphagia Soc.