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Table. 2.

Comparison for functional dysphagia scale using VFSS

Non-aspiration (n=327) Aspiration (n=51) P-value
Lip closure >0.999
0 318 (97.25) 50 (98.04)
5 9 (2.75) 1 (1.96)
10 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00)
Bolus formation 0.229
0 52 (15.90) 5 (9.80)
3 273 (83.49) 45 (88.24)
6 2 (0.61) 1 (1.96)
Residue in oral cavity 0.372
0 72 (22.02) 8 (15.69)
2 219 (66.97) 38 (74.51)
4 30 (9.17) 3 (5.88)
6 6 (1.83) 2 (3.92)
Oral transit time 0.524
0 224 (68.50) 33 (64.70)
6 103 (31.49) 18 (35.29)
Triggering of pharyngeal swallow 0.225
0 148 (45.26) 18 (35.29)
10 179 (54.74) 33 (64.70)
Laryngeal elevation and epiglottic closure >0.999
0 6 (1.83) 0 (0.00)
12 321 (98.17) 51 (100.00)
Nasal penetration 0.191
0 314 (96.02) 46 (90.20)
4 12 (3.67) 5 (9.80)
8 1 (0.31) 0 (0.00)
12
Residue in valleculae 0.060
0 99 (30.28) 11 (21.57)
4 215 (65.75) 35 (68.63)
8 13 (3.98) 4 (7.84)
12 0 (0.00) 1 (1.96)
Residue in pyriform sinuses 0.014
0 158 (48.32) 16 (31.37)
4 148 (45.26) 26 (50.98)
8 19 (5.81) 8 (15.69)
12 2 (0.61) 1 (1.96)
Coating of pharyngeal wall after swallow 0.059
0 273 (83.49) 37 (72.55)
10 54 (16.51) 14 (27.45)
Pharyngeal transit time 0.119
0 147 (44.95) 17 (33.33)
4 180 (55.05) 34 (66.67)
Total 32.95±12.69 38.55±12.00 0.003

Categorical variables are presented as number and percent. Fisher’s exact test or Pearson’s chi-square test as appropriate. Bold number means P<0.05 and significant difference

J Korean Dysphagia Soc 2021;11:52~58 https://doi.org/10.34160/jkds.2021.11.1.007
© J. Korean Dysphagia Soc.