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Table. 1.

Demographics, clinical factors, and baseline evaluation of stroke patients according to absence or presence of aspiration

Non-aspiration (n=59) Aspiration (n=47) P-value
Age (years) 70.9±9.0 71.8±12.5 0.048*
Sex
Male 39 (66%) 25 (53%) 0.183
Female 20 (34%) 22 (47%)
MEP (cmH2O) 55.1±25.4 23.2±9.2 <0.001***
MIP (cmH2O) 31.6±16.6 16.6±5.8 <0.001***
PCF (L/min) 224.9±83.0 107.4±36.2 <0.001***
FVC (L) 2.44±0.94 2.15±0.95 0.109
FEV1 (L) 1.87±0.75 1.57±0.69 0.114
FEV1/FVC 0.77±0.10 0.74±0.10 0.168
K-MBI 65.8±25.4 50.9±30.2 0.008**
FDS 14.9±15.8 43.5±17.3 <0.001***
FOIS 2.59±1.22 2.57±1.36 0.941
Stroke laterality
Left 32 (54%) 22 (47%) 0.453
Right 27 (46%) 25 (53%) 0.452
NIHSS 17.2±8.9 21.2±9.1 0.025*
Medical history
HTN 29 (49%) 27 (57%) 0.395
DM 18 (31%) 14 (30%) 0.936
Smoking 17 (28%) 22 (46%) 0.069

Values are presented as mean±standard deviation or number (%).

MEP: maximal expiratory pressure, MIP: maximal inspiratory pressure, PCF: peak cough flow, FVC: forced vital capacity, FEV1: forced expiratory volume in 1 s, K-MBI: Korean version of the modified Barthel index, FDS: functional dysphagia scale, FOIS: functional oral intake scale, NIHSS: National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, HTN: hypertension, DM: diabetes mellitus

*P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001 by Student’s t-test

J Korean Dysphagia Soc 2021;11:59~66 https://doi.org/10.34160/jkds.2021.11.1.008
© J. Korean Dysphagia Soc.