pISSN 2233-5978
eISSN 2713-6191

Table. 1.

Comparison of demographical, clinical characteristics, and the △BUN/Cr ratio from initial to 1 month f/u blood tests of group A and group B

Parameter Free fluidgroup A (N=37) Fluid thickenergroup B (N=44) P-value
Age (years) 63.0±16.8 66.2±14.7 0.36
Gender, male:female 17:20 18:26 0.65
Etiology, ischemic stroke:hemorrhagic stroke 21:16 26:18 0.83
Time from onset (days) 105.4±217.0 99.7±192.6 0.90
K-MMSE 20.86±7.93 18.00±8.03 0.11
Current diet methods
RD (%) 8 (21.6) 7 (15.9) 0.52
DM (%) 21 (56.7) 18 (40.9) 0.15
TF (%) 8 (21.6) 19 (43.1) 0.038*
Initial blood test
CRP 0.79±1.76 0.81±1.00 0.96
BUN 15.25±4.78 15.67±5.36 0.70
Cr 0.75±0.22 0.79±0.28 0.53
BUN/Cr ratio 20.84±5.66 20.62±5.76 0.85
1 month f/u BUN/Cr ratio 18.92±6.06 21.67±7.00 0.62
△BUN/Cr ratio −1.91±4.87 1.05±7.36 0.033*
Suspected pneumonia within 1 month (%) 2 (5.4) 2 (4.5) 0.86
Intravenous hydration (liter) 7 (2.5±0.57) 6 (2.5±0.54) 0.53

Values are presented as mean±standard deviation

BUN: blood urea nitrogen, Cr: creatinine, △BUN/Cr ratio: change in the values of BUN/Cr ratio, f/u: follow up, K-MMSE: Korean version of the mini-mental state examination, RD: regular diet with free fluid intake, DM: dietary modification including fluid thickener, TF: tube feeding, CRP: C-reactive protein

*P<0.05

J Korean Dysphagia Soc 2023;13:15~23 https://doi.org/10.34160/jkds.2023.13.1.003
© J. Korean Dysphagia Soc.